When does diplomacy fail?
In a country that is still recovering from the devastating earthquake, the country is grappling with the fallout from a brutal civil war that has killed hundreds of thousands of people.
Nowhere is that conflict more apparent than in the country’s relationship with the Dalai Lama.
For decades, the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader has been one of China’s most powerful and influential figures.
He is China’s spiritual leader and the countrys second-most powerful person, after Xi Jinping.
But China’s relationship has been fraught with tension since the late 1990s, when the Dalai fled to India, where he spent his final years in hiding.
When China’s Communist Party first came to power in 1949, it promised a peaceful transition to democracy.
In the years since, China has systematically undermined and repressed Tibetans’ religious freedoms, and the Tibetan population has become increasingly marginalized.
At the same time, the Dalai has continued to make provocative statements against Beijing, such as his claim that Tibet was a “nation of bandits”.
In the early 2000s, Beijing launched a campaign of repression against Tibetans and their supporters, often in the name of countering the Dalai’s influence and his “foreignness”.
In response, the United States and its allies launched what became known as the “Great Leap Forward” (GLE), an ambitious programme of economic reforms and a crackdown on the Dalai, but it failed to achieve its stated goal of democratising Tibet.
In 2008, the US formally recognized the Dalai as a “national” leader and sent him on a tour of the United Nations.
Since then, tensions have flared between Beijing and Washington, with both sides having been involved in several failed attempts to achieve peace and stability in the region.
China’s response has been largely reactive, often relying on its military, diplomatic and economic tools to push back against the United Kingdom and its ally, France.
While the GLE did not end the country s decades-long war with Tibetans, it did usher in a new era of normalcy, as the country moved away from its past policies and towards a more cooperative relationship with its neighbours.
But that normalcy has been hard to sustain, as tensions between China and its neighbours have grown more pronounced.
In 2014, the British government announced that it would suspend military aid to China.
Since then, the Chinese government has increased its military spending, which is believed to be among the highest in the world.
The Dalai Lama has expressed support for China s military, but also has publicly criticised China over human rights abuses and human rights violations in Tibet.
In recent years, tensions between Beijing, its neighbours and the US have escalated, culminating in a deadly air strike in October 2015 that killed over 100 people.
The conflict has also spilled over into the region’s financial system, as Beijing has tried to impose economic sanctions on countries that are perceived as supporting the Dalai.
The recent conflict has seen an increase in the use of Chinese currency, as some foreign governments have been forced to use Chinese yuan to finance purchases of their goods, with the effect of cutting off a major source of income for the impoverished Tibetan people.
On Friday, the UK government announced a fresh round of sanctions against Beijing for the latest attack on the Tibetan community, but did not say how many people would be affected.
China has consistently maintained that it is committed to “peaceful reunification” and is committed “to dialogue and dialogue with all countries”, including the US, UK and other members of the G8.
However, the conflict in Tibet has seen a significant increase in violence and attacks by China, and is now seen as the primary cause of tensions.